Since man invented the wheel (a circular object), human development got enough pace to make this world a better place to live. As time passes, we have been seeing a lot of emerging technologies which make our lives much simple and easier. But, 2018 and beyond would be most exciting for Technology enthusiasts and geeks with upcoming breakthrough technologies and future inventions. Since some of the technology inventions have been limited to science-fiction movies, are till now are expected to become existence of the real world.
Upcoming Technology Breakthroughs & Future Scientific Inventions 2019
Check out the list of new technology trends in 2019, that we found something great to be expected in near future:
1. Quantum Computers:
Computing technology is revolutionized by the time and we’ve seen a lot of changes and advancements. From room-sized computing machine to hand-held PDA (personal digital assistants) and smartphones. But, this is the time to take a shift for Quantum Computers. Although quantum computers are still in their infancy, they have enough potential to take computing capabilities to the next level.
What are quantum computers?
According to Wikipedia, “Quantum computer is a device that performs quantum computing using quantum mechanics. They are different from conventional computers, use ‘qubits’ as units of information instead of a regular binary system (0 or 1). A Qubit is a short form for ‘quantum bit‘ which has special properties and works on two main principles of quantum physics: superposition and entanglement. Quantum computers run on a new type of quantum algorithms to process information.
Uses and Advantages of Quantum computer:
Quantum computers are incredibly powerful machines, designed to solve complex and fascinating laws of nature using laws of quantum mechanics. They may untangle the complex molecular and chemical bonding structures. But they can help in the discovery of new medicines and materials. Takes artificial intelligence to next level by making machine learning much more powerful.
“But, there are some critical problems that conventional computers cannot solve. For example, a caffeine molecule in a cup of coffee is complex enough that no traditional computer would never be able to crack and understand its detailed structure and properties. This is of the challenges that quantum computers have the potential to tackle.” IBM researchers wrote in their blog.
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A cloud-based IBM Quantum Experience project available to run users to run their own programs on the company’s computer. And, A Canadian based company D-Wave world is the first one to sell quantum computers. But, quantum computers still aren’t practical for most of the real world. Many national governments and military agencies funding quantum computing researches to develop quantum machines for business, national security, and environmental purpose.
2. Self-healing Materials:
The Self-healing materials are not a new concept, ancient Indians, Egyptians used this technology to build their houses, temples and traditional structures to last through the ages thousands of years ago.
What are self-healing materials?
Self-healing materials are quite similar to biological substances and behave like human skin. Since they are artificial or synthetically created, self-healing materials have a built-in ability to automatically repair damages to themselves without any external diagnosis or human intervention.
Why self-healing materials?
Have you ever think of ‘what if your phone’s broken screen has heal/repair itself automatically just like your skin?’
Yeah, self-healing materials will help us to build self-repairing phones, gadgets, household appliances or even architectural structures like buildings and bridges. And, prevent them from damages and cracks by ageing.
3. DNA Storage:
All it has come to light when Microsoft claimed a record by storing 200MB of data on to a synthetic DNA strand.
But, now scientists have gone much further by developing DNA storage capabilities by 100 times. A group of researchers from Columbia University and the New York Genome Center (NYGC) has invented a new coding strategy, named DNA fountain. DNA fountain is a customized version of the video streaming algorithm on a mobile phone.
With this new coding system scientist stuffed 215 petabytes of data on to a single gram of DNA strand.
Advantages of DNA storage:
DNA holds promise for future DNA storage medium because it is ultra-portable and reliable. DNA Storage can last thousands of years when keeping it in right conditions, won’t be degraded over time. And, it has extremely higher data storage density and even more secure than electronic data storage devices.
4. Reversing Paralysis:
A cure for paralysis could finally be on its way. A French neuroscientist, Grégoire Courtine’s researches rising hope for reversing paralysis caused by spinal cord injuries. He developed a revolutionary technology that will simulate a few volts of electricity to activate the specific muscle.
A Swiss-based research company, École Polytechnique fédérale de Lausanne (EPFL) which is centred for the main research, said “The neuroprosthetic system ‘BSI’ (Brain-Spinal Interface System) bridges the spinal cord injury in real-time and wirelessly. The chip interprets and decodes the signal from the brain’s motor cortex and send information to the electrodes located on the surface of the lumbar spinal cord. This electrical simulation will modulate distinct networks of neurons that can activate specific muscles of the body.”
In a research conducted on a partially paralyzed macaque monkey results were hopeful. The progress that scientists have made on reversing paralysis is remarkable and promising. This advancement in the medical industry will have a life-changing impact on those who suffer from paralysis.
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5. AI Integrated Surveillance Systems (CCTV Security Cameras):
Electronic surveillance is the most reliable security systems. Most criminal and theft cases are solved based on CCTV footages. In offices, schools, streets, and malls our every move is recorded and tracked. But, yet there are some limitations with traditional CCTV.
Conventional surveillance systems are not smart. They need human intervention and huge time consumptive while investigation.
How does AI-powered surveillance systems work?
But, Artificial Intelligence (AI) integrated surveillance systems are smart and intelligent. With the help of big data and deep-learning algorithms like behaviour and facial recognition security cameras can predict potential vulnerabilities, menace and threats and alert police and other emergency agencies.
These intelligent machines work by their own self, without human intervention. They can analyze and track people faces and their every move. Then compare them to the National Security Database of suspected and wanted people.
Benefits of AI-powered security cameras:
- Predicting vulnerabilities and menace
- Tracking missing children
- Identifying criminals and terrorists in the large crowd.
- Tracking theft vehicles
- Quick action
- Less human intervention
6. Flying cars:
It was just a dream when Philip K. Dick first mentioned flying cars in his 1968’s novel, “Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep”. Then which in turns became a source of inspiration for Sci-fi movies. However, finally flying cars are going to take place in the real world.
A Dutch-based company Pal-V offered a flying car called “Liberty” on sale and is expected to make deliveries by the end of 2018. It is just like the commutable drone, uses Rotax engine-based dual-propulsion drivetrain which enables it to both drive and fly.
In the drive mode, the propeller tucks into the rear while rotors are folded and stored in the top of the vehicle when it is in the drive mode.
Pal-V claims that Liberty can reach a max speed of 100 miles per hour on the ground and can reach an operating altitude of 11,480 feet.
If you are interested to own one, the company started pre-booking on their official site.
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While few of them had already taken place in the real world. Such as wireless earphones (earbuds), autonomous (self-driving) cars and AI-based virtual voice assistants. Yet, there are a few more great technological innovations going to be mainstream this year and beyond. Not only worked on by tech companies but with a consumer release in future.
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