Quantum Computers are the most interesting and innovative technology in 2020, we could see these computers in areas such as cybersecurity, healthcare, financial services, agriculture, cloud computing, National security and beyond… We have many advantages with Quantum computers and these are going to change the world by the year 2025.
In the news:
- In January IBM was introduced the first commercial Quantum Computer at CES 2020 (Consumer Electronic Show)
- Google operating D-Wave systems quantum computer in the Quantum Artificial intelligence lab which was established by NASA and Universities space research organization.
- In 2018 February secure communication got boost by Quantum computers.
- In 2016 the Chinese government launched a quantum satellite to make communication more secure.
- In 2015 in Shanghai Chinese e-commerce giant Alibaba established its Cloud research center with the Chinese academy of sciences.
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Few things come into our mind when you hear the word Quantum computers?
1. What are Quantum Computers?
Quantum computers are the next-generation computers with having advanced features and more powerful processing speed compared normal desktops which we are using in daily routine. These can process the data with high speed and solves high complex computations quickly.
2. Can quantum computers predict the future?
Predicting the future is impossible, but these quantum computers can only predict the future with probabilities. And if the future is determined somehow it is not with technology.
3. How Quantum computers are made?
Canadian quantum computing company D-Wave Systems has introduced their Quantum hardware, which shows how they built a quantum computer with D-Waves processors using the physics of spin systems to implement the quantum computer? You can check this here.
4. Can quantum computers cure cancer?
Several computer programs are available for cancer treatment which can detect cancer and find where it is found in the human body? But Quantum information science (QIS) is increasing chances to detect cancer even it is in the initial stage, so we can have more chances to cure cancer.
5. Can quantum computers be hacked?
Quantum Computers cannot be hackable with classic computers which we are using now. And these computers can break security which we are using now for eg., DigiCert SSL (Secure Sockets Layer), SHA (Secure Hash Algorithms) and Cryptography.
6. Can quantum computers replace classical computers?
Quantum Computers are not really to replace the current computers, traditional computers which we are using better than Quantum computers in some tasks that are DTP (Desktop publishing, email, office automation and so on…). Quantum computing is different, these are used in research centers, weather forecasting, medical research, and commercial spaces, etc.
7. Difference between Quantum and classic computers:
Classic computers (desktops, etc.) work using bits to process data these are only two values such as 0 or 1. Coming to Quantum computers will use Qbits (Quantum bit) 0 or 1 or both at the same time (simultaneously). In simple words, a Qbit is a Single Photon, Electron, and Ion/Atom.
Note: Normal computer stores data in binary digits or bits (1 or a 0), quantum computers stores in Qbits.
The unique feature – Qbits will make these computers faster in processing data, in the near future, these computers will play a major role in advanced cybersecurity, medicine, manufacturing, 3D printing, and many other areas.
8. How Quantum Computing changes the world?
Google, Intel, IBM, Alibaba and Microsoft companies are working to integrate Quantum computers in cybersecurity to make communication more secure. Google is trying to get ultra-speed internet with these computers if they get success we can see the ultra-fastest internet soon.
Apart from this, we have many advantages with Quantum Computers, here we have covered the main uses, benefits, and how it going impact the industries like Cybersecurity, Cryptography, Data analysis, Weather forecasting, and medical research industries.
Advantages of Quantum Computers and Which industries are beneficial with this Quantum technology?
In the near future, Quantum Computers are replacing traditional computers in a few industries and impacting major industries. Let’s see the advantages and how is it going to change?
Security is the most common problem in the digital era because? It combats with attacks and avoids unauthorized use. Even NASA also facing cybersecurity attacks and building a hack-proof network system with quantum technology, quantum computers take cybersecurity to its advanced level and makes more complex and secure.
Note: Here these are impacting in two ways that are positive and negative.
- A commonly used cryptosystem can easily breakable with advanced quantum technology.
- Also, we can build a strong and complex security system with quantum technology which cannot be a break.
Cryptography is generating strong security code to encrypt electronic information such as communications, transactions and more. This information cannot be read without a decryption key. Information security uses this cryptography to ensure security and protects unauthorized access.
In Quantum computers Qbits helps to create strong cryptography faster than normal computers, and this can be used in many business applications. Also, these computers can break encryption algorithms that we are using today.
Can quantum computers break encryption?
A standard computer will break a DigiCert 2048-bit SSL in 4,294,967,296 x 1.5 years (or 6.4 quadrillion years). With quantum computing, we can easily break encryption which we are using now.
3. Data Analytics:
As you know that Quantum computers are more powerful than regular computers which we are using today. These computers can easily handle a large amount of data and play a key role in big data analysis.
A report says currently we are producing 2.5 Exabyte’s (1 trillion bytes, or 1,000 GB) of data per day, maintaining this data can be easy with this Quantum computing. We can easily analyze, detect, diagnosis and integrate large scale of data sets with Quantum Computers.
Currently, we are facing difficulties in weather forecasting limited information, with Quantum computing we can get accurate weather forecasting results. In America, IBM is working with University Corporation for Atmospheric Research (UCAR) and the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR) to bring accurate forecasting results with Quantum technology.
The IBM Global High-Resolution Atmospheric Forecasting System (GRAF), created a new weather forecasting system with quantum computers. This new forecasting system will update weather information for every 1 hour in a small area around 3 kilometers.
Note: A traditional weather system in many places in the world updates weather information for every 6 to 12 hours and covers 12 to 15 KMs.
5. Medical Research:
With the continuous development in computing, medical research improved drastically and quantum computing take medicine and biomedical research to its next level. We could see quantum computers in radiopathy (used for cancer treatment), drug research and Drug interactions.
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6. Self-Driving Cars:
We have seen self-driving (driverless/autonomous/robotic car) cars in Sci-Fi movies but in near future, we going to see in reality with the help of artificial intelligence (AI) and quantum computing. These cars are capable of sensing the environment and moving safely even in any conditions.
American multinational automaker company Ford collaborated with NASA to use their Quantum computers to bring driverless cars. Tesla, Google, Volkswagen also working hard to bring driverless cars, soon we will see these robotics cars in reality.